Bhagavad Gita Summary

 

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Bhagavad Gita Summary
Bhagavad Gita Summary

The blind King Dhritarashtra asks Sanjaya to recount what happened when his loved ones, the Kauravas, assembled to fight the Pandavas for the management of Hastinapura. His family is not the rightful heir to the kingdom, but they’ve assumed power, and Dhritarashtra is attempting to preserve it for his son Duryodhana. Sanjaya informs of Arjuna, who has come as boss of the Pandavas to return his kingdom, with Sri Krishna as his charioteer. The Gita is the dialogue between Krishna and Arjuna leading up to the struggle.

Arjuna does not want to fight. He does not know why he has to lose his family’s blood for a kingdom he does not necessarily want. In his eyes, murdering his wicked and killing his family is the greatest sin of all. He casts his weapons down and tells Krishna that he won’t fight. Krishna, then, begins the systematic process of explaining why it is Arjuna’s dharmic duty to fight and how he has to fight to restore his karma.

Krishna first clarifies the samsaric cycle of birth and death. He states there is no real death of the soul — simply a sloughing of the body after every round of birth and death. This cycle intends to allow someone to work off their karma accumulated through lifetimes of activity. Suppose a person completes training selflessly, in service to God. If that’s the instance, they could work off their karma, finally resulting in a dissolution of the spirit, the achievement of enlightenment and vijnana, and an end to the samsaric cycle. Should they behave selfishly, they keep accumulating debt, putting them farther into karmic debt.

Krishna presents three major theories for achieving this dissolution of the soul — renunciation, selfless service, and meditation. All three are components for attaining yoga,’ or ability in action. Krishna says that the truly divine-human doesn’t renounce all worldly possessions or give up the work but instead finds peace in completing a step in the full service to God. Because of this, someone must avoid the various traps of the three gunas: rajas (anger( self ), tamas (ignorance, darkness), and sattva (stability, purity).

The maximum type of meditation comes when individuals could free themselves from selfish action and focus entirely on the divine in their attempts. To put it differently, Krishna says that he who accomplishes divine union with him in meditation will finally find freedom from the endless cycle of rebirth and death. He who finds marriage with God will find him at the moment of passing.

Arjuna stills appear to need evidence of Krishna’s divine powers, so Arjuna seems to him in his strong, most sacred form, together with the”power of one thousand suns.” Seeing Krishna in his divine state, Arjuna suddenly realizes what enlightenment could bring him in the marriage, and he completely has faith in the yogic path. He goes on to ask Krishna he can obtain the love of God, and Krishna shows that love comes from an individual’s selfless devotion to the divine, as well as an understanding that the body is simply ephemeral — a product of Prakriti, emerging from Purusha and is subject to endless rebirth. An individual must forego their body’s cravings and cravings and aversions to locate freedom.

The Gita ends with Krishna telling Arjuna he should pick the path of good or evil, as it his duty to resist the Kauravas for his kingdom. In that, he’s adjusting the balance of good and evil, fulfilling his dharma, and offering the deepest type of selfless service. Arjuna knows and, with that, profits into battle.

 

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